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The Parthenon

icon-location-red Popular Temple In Athens

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Attractions Details

📌 Address

Athens 105 58, Greece

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

Varies

Find it on google maps

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Janice
Local tour guide

What is The Parthenon?

The Parthenon is an ancient temple located in Athens, Greece. It is situated on top of The Acropolis, a hill overlooking the city. The temple is dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, who is considered the patron goddess of Athens. The Parthenon is renowned for its architectural beauty and historical significance.

History of The Parthenon

The history of the Parthenon dates back to the 5th century BC during the Classical period of Ancient Greece. It was commissioned by Pericles, a prominent Athenian statesman, as part of a larger building project to showcase the power and wealth of Athens. Construction of the temple began in 447 BC and was completed in 438 BC.

Initially, the Parthenon served as a place of worship for the Athenians, housing a colossal statue of Athena made of gold and ivory. Over the centuries, the temple went through various transformations and was even converted into a Christian church and later into a mosque during the Ottoman rule.

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Why is The Parthenon Important?

The Parthenon holds great importance on multiple levels. Firstly, it is a masterpiece of ancient Greek architecture and is considered one of the most iconic and influential buildings in the world. Its design, based on the principles of classical Greek architecture, has had a profound impact on subsequent architectural styles.

Secondly, the Parthenon represents the pinnacle of Athenian democracy and culture. It symbolizes the Golden Age of Athens, a period of flourishing arts, philosophy, and democracy. The temple stands as a testament to the intellectual and artistic achievements of ancient Greece.

Lastly, the Parthenon is a UNESCO World Heritage site and attracts millions of tourists each year. It serves as a reminder of Greece's rich cultural heritage and contributes significantly to the country's tourism industry.

Things to Do & See at The Parthenon

  • Explore the Temple: Visitors can explore the exterior and interior of the Parthenon, admiring its impressive Doric columns, intricate friezes, and pediments depicting mythological scenes.

  • Visit the Acropolis Museum: Located nearby, the Acropolis Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts from the Acropolis, including sculptures and reliefs from the Parthenon. It provides valuable insights into the temple's history and significance.

  • Enjoy Panoramic Views: From the Acropolis hill, visitors can enjoy panoramic views of Athens, including landmarks such as the Ancient Agora, Lycabettus Hill, and the modern cityscape.

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The Parthenon offers a captivating experience for history enthusiasts, art lovers, and anyone interested in ancient civilizations. Its grandeur, historical significance, and breathtaking views make it a must-visit attraction in Athens.

Frequently asked questions

What is the Parthenon?

The Parthenon is an ancient Greek temple located on the Acropolis of Athens. It is considered one of the most iconic and well-preserved examples of classical Greek architecture. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos, the city's patron deity.

When was the Parthenon built, and who designed it?

The construction of the Parthenon began in 447 BCE and was completed in 438 BCE. It was designed by the renowned Greek architect Phidias, and its construction was overseen by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates.

What is the significance of the Parthenon in Greek history and culture?

The Parthenon is a symbol of ancient Greece's cultural and architectural achievements. It is often regarded as the pinnacle of Doric architecture and is celebrated for its harmonious proportions and intricate sculptures. The temple also served as a treasury and a place of worship.

What happened to the sculptures of the Parthenon, known as the Elgin Marbles?

Many of the sculptures from the Parthenon, including metopes and frieze panels, were removed from the temple in the early 19th century by Lord Elgin, a British diplomat. These sculptures, known as the Elgin Marbles, are now housed in the British Museum in London. Their removal remains a subject of debate and controversy.

Can visitors explore the Parthenon up close?

While visitors cannot enter the Parthenon itself due to preservation efforts, they can admire the temple's exterior from the Acropolis. The site provides stunning panoramic views of Athens and an opportunity to appreciate the architecture and history of this ancient wonder.

Attractions Details

📌 Address

Athens 105 58, Greece

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

Varies

Find it on google maps