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Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

Popular Basilica In Rome

Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

icon-location-red Popular Basilica In Rome

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Attractions Details

📌 Address

P.za di S. Giovanni in Laterano, 4, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

Free

Find it on google maps

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expert
Darius
Local tour guide

What is Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano?

Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, also known as the Basilica of St. John Lateran, is a magnificent cathedral in Rome, Italy. It is considered one of the most important Catholic churches in the world and is the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is also known as the Pope. The basilica is dedicated to both St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist.

History of Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

The history of Basilica of St. John Lateran can be traced back to the early days of Christianity. It was originally built in the 4th century by Emperor Constantine the Great, making it the oldest church in Rome. Over the centuries, the basilica has undergone several reconstructions and renovations, with each era leaving its mark on the architecture and artwork.

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Why is the Basilica of St. John Lateran Important?

Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano holds immense significance for the Catholic Church and the city of Rome. It is considered the "Mother and Head of all Churches of Rome and the World" and is the highest-ranking of the four major basilicas in Rome. The basilica's importance lies in its role as the cathedral of the Pope, making it the spiritual center of Catholicism.

Things to Do & See at Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

  • The Papal Archbasilica: Explore the grand interior of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, adorned with beautiful frescoes, intricate sculptures, and stunning mosaics. Marvel at the magnificent Papal Altar, the impressive Baldachin, and the intricately designed nave.

  • The Scala Santa: Visit the Holy Stairs, a set of 28 marble steps believed to be those climbed by Jesus during his trial. Pilgrims ascend the stairs on their knees as an act of devotion.

  • The Baptistery: Discover the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Laterano, an octagonal structure dedicated to the baptism of Christians. Admire the beautiful frescoes and the intricate mosaic floor.

  • The Cloister: Step into the peaceful Cloister of the Basilica, a serene oasis with lush greenery, ancient columns, and a tranquil fountain. This area provides a calm retreat from the bustling city.

  • The Scala Santa Museum: Visit the museum dedicated to the Holy Stairs. Explore the exhibits showcasing religious artifacts, historical documents, and art related to the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano.

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Whether you are a devout Catholic or a history enthusiast, Basilica of St. John Lateran offers a captivating experience. Its rich history, breathtaking architecture, and spiritual significance make it a must-visit attraction in Rome.

Frequently asked questions

What is the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano?

The Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, also known as the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, is one of the four major basilicas in Rome and the official cathedral of the Pope as the Bishop of Rome. It is considered the mother church of the Roman Catholic faith.

What are the notable features of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano?

The basilica is renowned for its impressive facade, the Lateran Baptistery, and its stunning interior. It houses important relics, including the heads of St. Peter and St. Paul, and features remarkable frescoes and sculptures.

What is the significance of the Lateran Baptistery?

The Lateran Baptistery is an integral part of the basilica complex. It is one of the oldest Christian baptisteries in Rome and has been the site of countless baptisms throughout history.

Is there an entrance fee to visit the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano?

No, there is typically no entrance fee to visit the basilica itself. However, donations are encouraged to support its maintenance and upkeep.

What is the dress code for visiting the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano?

 Visitors are expected to dress modestly when entering the basilica. This means covering shoulders and knees. Sleeveless tops, shorts, and hats are generally not permitted. It's important to respect the religious and cultural norms when visiting.

Attractions Details

📌 Address

P.za di S. Giovanni in Laterano, 4, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

Free

Find it on google maps