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National Monument

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Attractions Details

📌 Address

RT.5/RW.2, Gambir, Central Jakarta City, Jakarta 10110, Indonesia

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 10:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

IDR 15,000

Find it on google maps

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expert
Verry
Local tour guide
"Make sure to visit Monas early in the morning to beat the crowds and the heat; Jakarta can get extremely hot by midday. Additionally, locals know that the area around Monas is perfect for an evening stroll, especially on Sundays when the surrounding roads are closed to traffic and become a pedestrian haven."

What is the National Monument (Monas)?

The National Monument, commonly referred to as Monas, stands majestically in the heart of Jakarta, Indonesia's sprawling capital. This towering structure, crowned with a glistening flame coated with gold foil, serves as a beacon of pride for the nation. It rises to a staggering 132 meters in height and is centered in Merdeka Square. Monas is not just a monument; it's a symbol—representing the struggle for Indonesian independence from Dutch colonial rule. Designed to resemble a pestle and mortar, it reflects the philosophy of the nation's unity and the fight for freedom. As someone deeply rooted in this city, I can attest to the profound respect and significance this monument holds for us locals.

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Inside the base of the monument, a historical museum awaits, offering a comprehensive journey through Indonesia's rich past. But the highlight for many is the observation deck. Here, you can gaze out over the sprawling cityscape—the contrast between the lush greenery of the square and the encircling urban sprawl is truly remarkable. Not to mention, the flame at the top becomes a beacon of light after dark, visible throughout the surrounding area and symbolizing the light of independence.

History of the National Monument (Monas)

The conception of Monas dates back to the era of President Sukarno, Indonesia's revered founding father. He envisioned this monument as a testament to the nation's freedom, and construction began in 1961, a mere 16 years after Indonesia declared its independence in 1945. The monument took several years to complete, with its inauguration in 1975 by President Suharto, marking a new era in the country post-independence.

The idea was to give Indonesians a physical embodiment of their struggle and triumph over colonial powers, ensuring that the memories of sacrifice would never fade. Over the years, Monas has witnessed countless historic events; it’s where people have gathered for momentous celebrations, solemn commemorations, and even demonstrations advocating for various causes. The layers of history are palpable when you stand at its base and look up towards the flame that signifies the nation's burning spirit.

Why is the National Monument (Monas) Important?

Monas holds great importance as a national emblem. It embodies the Indonesian motto "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika," which means "Unity in Diversity." Just as the mortar and pestle signify the foundational tools for a harmonious society, Monas is seen as a pillar uniting various cultural, religious, and ethnic groups across the vast Indonesian archipelago. It's not only a historical site but also a cultural heart where festivals, state events, and public gatherings converge.

For the people of Jakarta and indeed all of Indonesia, the monument is a reminder of their shared heritage and resilience. Each visit rekindles a sense of patriotism and a connection to the collective narrative of the nation. The golden flame at its summit is more than just an impressive sight; it's a guiding light, symbolizing the nation's sovereignty that was hard-fought and is cherished to this day.

Things to Do & See at the National Monument (Monas)

Visiting Monas offers a blend of educational enrichment and leisure activities. Start your day at the National History Museum, located at the base of the monument. It showcases dioramas depicting significant events in Indonesia's struggle for independence, bringing to life the heroic tales of the past. For many, this is an immersive history lesson where one can spend hours in contemplation.

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After the museum, take the elevator up to the observation deck. At 115 meters above ground, the panoramic view of Jakarta is remarkable. Don’t miss this chance to capture the city in your memories—a unique mixture of old and new that only a bird's-eye view can offer. When you're back on the ground, I recommend exploring the surrounding Merdeka Square. It's a vast green oasis amid the city's hustle and bustle, ideal for picnics, people-watching, or simply soaking in the atmosphere.

Throughout the year, Monas and its environs host various events, from art performances to military parades. And if you're there on the right day, you might stumble upon a local food festival or a traditional dance performance—a reminder of the country's rich cultural tapestry. While the monument shines during the day, it's equally compelling at night when the flame lights up, a spectacle that truly encapsulates the spirit of Jakarta.

Frequently asked questions

What is the National Monument (Monas) in Jakarta?

The National Monument, commonly known as Monas, is a 132m tall tower in the center of Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia’s independence.

How can I visit the National Monument (Monas) in Jakarta?

Visitors can reach Monas by public transportation, such as buses and commuter trains, that stop at nearby stations. Entrance tickets can be purchased on-site.

What are the opening hours of the National Monument (Monas)?

Monas is typically open from 8:00 am to 3:00 pm from Tuesday to Sunday, but it's advised to check for the latest timings as they can change.

What can I see at the National Monument (Monas)?

Visitors to Monas can see the monument itself, the National History Museum located at its base, and the observation platform at the top that offers panoramic views of Jakarta.

Are there any special events or ceremonies at the National Monument (Monas) throughout the year?

Monas hosts various national ceremonies and celebrations, especially on Independence Day, as well as other cultural events and festivals throughout the year.

Attractions Details

📌 Address

RT.5/RW.2, Gambir, Central Jakarta City, Jakarta 10110, Indonesia

Opening Hours

8:00 AM - 10:00 PM

💸 Entrance Fee

IDR 15,000

Find it on google maps